The Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB) was founded in 1968. The founders aimed to establish four principles of autonomy: freedom to select teaching staff, admission available to all students (but with a limited number), freedom to create its own study plans and freedom to administrate the University's capital. It is therefore a young university, but in its short history it has moved forward at a rapid pace. The Wildlife Diseases Research Group (SEFaS) belongs to UAB and was created to perform studies on wildlife conservation and health. We are a multidisciplinary team that integrates a group of veterinarians and ecologists from different areas. Since SEFaS was founded our trajectory has been supported by several governmental grants and agreements between private companies and local administrations. The quality of our studies is endorsed by a considerable number of publications and by our participation in the most recognised scientific meetings on wildlife ecology and diseases. We have described diseases in a wide range of wildlife species and discussed their role in wildlife conservation and management, and also their implications for domestic animal and human health.